THE HISTORY OF CHILDWALL
"Four Radmans held Childwall as four Manors. There is half a hide. It was worth eight shillings. There was a priest, having half a carucate of land in frank almoign."
Childwall is a suburb of Liverpool, and a Liverpool City Council Ward. It is located to the south of the city, bordered by Gateacre, Wavertree, Belle Vale, Broadgreen, Bowring Park and Mossley Hill. In 2008 the population was recorded as 14,085. Childwall can be found approximately 6 miles from Liverpool City Centre in the South East suburbs of Liverpool, or a stones throw from the end of the M62. Childwall is dominated by the "Childwall Fiveways", a large roundabout that is one of the busiest in Liverpool. Housing is almost entirely detached or semi-detached; there are very few terraces within Childwall. The area has pleasant greenery in abundance and range of large houses which makes it one of Liverpool's most sought-after suburbs. The area boasts 3 churches, 3 public houses and 3 separate shopping areas. The area can be easily located by car, bus and a short walk to the local train station.
Childwall's history goes back to very early days. Domesday book records, that there was one priest there, holding one carucate of land (about 50 acres). This, however, was not for his own use but for the poor of the parish, extending to the Mersey from Garston to past Hale. in 1094 Count Roger Poges of Poitou granted the pattronage of Kydewell to the Abbey of St Martin at Sees in Normandy. Childwall then became attached to to the Priory of Lancaster which Roger founded as the cell of the Abbey. Patronage passed to the Grelleys, Barons of Manchester, during the 13th Century, and a member of that family Herbert Grelley was Rector in 1260. Nearly 50 years later in 1309, Sir Roger de Holland presented Childwall to the college of Secular Cannons at Upholland.
The gift was not appreciated, for the Seculars discovered that Childwall was a wilderness more suitable for contemplative monks and they gave the place to the Benedictines. The Benedictines kept Childwall until the dissolution of the monasteries when it came under the judisdiction of the See of Chester. It later became invested, in 1880, to the See of Liverpool.
The oldest part of the Village for years has been named Childwall Abbey but although it has always been an ecclesiastical centre, there has never been an abbey or priory despite a number of legends.
All Saints Church. (From left to right) North West View, South View, South East View, North East View.
(From Left to Right) - North View (1775), - South View (1810), - South East View (1810), - North East View (1810)
The name seems to have grown up from the fact that Childwall Hall was designed in a style reminiscent to a monastic institution. It was not until the late 18th Century that Childwall emerged from relative obscurity when Bamber Gascoyne, who owned much of the land in the area, became M.P for Liverpool. In 1780 he commissioned John Nash to design Childwall Hall as a family mansion.
The population of Childwall in 1901 was 219. Ever since 1913, when Childwall was absorbed by Liverpool, the surrounding open space and farmland have gradually been eaten away by the sprawl of the city. Some years ago, the area around the Childwall Abbey was made in to a conservation area and this part has survived and still manages to retain much of its old rural beauty and character.
There were a total of 10 townships under the Parish of Childwall, these were: Childwall, Hale, Halewood, Halebank, Speke, Garston, Allerton, Much Woolton (with Thingwall), Little Woolton and Wavertree.
View the excellent Hale Village Website:
The neighbouring parishes were divided off as follows:
1828 Holy Trinity Wavertree, Garston, Woolton, Hale.
1856 St. Mary's Wavertree
1893 Gateacre (Little Woolton)
1899 St. Bridget's seperated from Holy Trinity.
In association with Liverpool Today:
Childwall's history goes back to very early days. The Domesday Book records - "that there was one priest there, holding one carucate of land (about 50 acres)."
This, however, was not for his own use but for the poor of the parish, extending to the Mersey from Garston, to past Hale. In 1094 Count Roger Poges of Poitou granted the pattronage of Kydewell to the Abbey of St Martin at Sees in Normandy.
All Saints Church
"The earliest date, which can be given to any part of the present building, is the fourteenth century. The Chancel has on the South Side, a square headed two light window, which is probably of this date. The East Window is modern, but constructed in fourteenth century style.
A part of the oldNorth Wall of the Chapel remains between the Chancel and the North Chancel Aisle. The church was enlarged considerably in 1834 by the addition of a North Aisle, an extension westwards of the Plumbes Chapel"
The earliest reference to Childwall Hall is from the 1700's. In
1728, Isaac Greene married Mary Aspinall, heiress of the Ireland
family of Hale. This building was demolished in 1780 and a new
Hall was built by Greene. After his death in 1749, his youngest -
daughter, Mary, inherited Childwall Hall in addition to land in West Derby,
Wavertree, Everton and Much and Little Woolton. In the early 19th century he commissioned John Nash, the architect, to work on the hall, transforming the house in to a sham mediaeval castle.
Childwall also has lots of open space. Although Childwall doesn't have its own 'park', there was once an area called Childwall Park (hence the name of Childwall Park Avenue). For a walk, there is the Liverpool Loop Line (ex railway track which Childwall Station once stood), Childwall Fields, Childwall Woods and Score Lane Park. Such a wide range of woodlands in such a small place.